The Department of Southern Ural archaeology


The Department of Southern Ural archaeology was established 1994 on the base of the Chelyabinsk archaeological group and the Archaeological scientific and production enterprise of the Chelyabinsk regional foundation of culture. The department is headed by Vadim S. Mosin, Candidate of archaeology.

Research

The main direction of research included studies of ancient Southern Ural peoples and their cultures. This researches are conducting in the rampart of project “The Interaction of the archaeological cultures in the Southern Ural (from mezolithic era till medieval time)” (headed by Candidate of archaeology Vadim S. Mosin).

— The Stone Age's studies. Participants of the project generalized materials the archaeological cultures of the Stone Age in the Southern Ural. They proposed the conception of the archaeological culture's unity of the Southern Ural's Stone Age in the framework of cultural-historical regional community in the mezolithic and eneolithic eras. Such generalization was elaborated firstly and appeared very perspective for the different futures researches , including the problems of proto-Ugrian peoples forming.

— The Bronze Age's studies. The fellows of the department systematized the data of the Bronze Age in the Southern Ural and formulated a principally new scheme of archaeological cultures forming and development. They proposed also the new conception of Indo-European ancient homeland and the ways of main migrations of different Indo-European populations. Another subject of generalizations were the facts of ancient metallurgy Central Asia zone of Eurasian metallurgical province.

— The archaeology of Iron Age and Medieval time. The member of the project detailed the main cultural forming indications of the Hunno-Sarmatian culture in the Ural-Kazakh steppes and elaborated the idea about the unity of its sites in the Ural-Ishim river system. They made a comparative analysis of Hunno-Sarmatian and Late-Sarmatian cultures. There were discovered firstly the early Turk sites in the Ural-Kazakh steppes and redated (from 7–6 BC to 6–8 AD) the so-called barrows with “mustaches”. Some fellows of the project prepared the map of Ugrian sites of Southern Ural 8–10 AD. The complete cultural and economical complex of the Ulus Shiban inhabitants (14 AD) on Agapovsky district was investigated.

Public and Educational Programs.

The very important part of the Deparment's activities are the Public and Educational Programs. The speciality “Historian-Museum specialise was opened in the Chelyabinsk College of Culture by the initiative of Department. Members of the Department are the teachers of the chairs of Museums studies and Regional studies. They also lead for archaeological and museums practice of the students. The museum exposition “ The Culture and Everyday Life of the Mining Population in the Southern Ural” in the Nyasepetrovsk city and the transportable exhibit “History of the Southern Ural. Recent Discoveries.” were created by the participants of the project in the way of museums and educational activities. Beside them, they were elaborated the exhibit “Archaeology of Chelyabinsk” in the framework timed to the 260-s anniversary of this city. Another exhibit, created by the Department, was called “Archaeology of the Agapovskiye mountains”.

The Program for the Preservation of Historical and Cultural Heritage.

Researchers of the Institute of History and Archaeology work a lot for preservation of historical and cultural heritage. Archaeological conservation was made on the territory of Sverdlovsk and Chelyabinsk regions. At present the Legislative Council of Chelyabinsk region studies the “Proposals of the Creation of Legislative Base for the Conservation of Historical and Cultural Heritage)) in the region which have been worked out by researchers of the Southern Ural Department of the Institute of History and Archaeology.